Gum Disease

 

Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems adults face, but gum disease can begin at just about any age. Gum disease often develops slowly and without causing any pain. Sometimes you may not notice any signs until the disease is serious and you are in danger of losing teeth.

The good news is

Gum Disease Can Almost Always Be Prevented, 
If It Starts, It Can Be Treated And 
It Can Even Be Turned Around (or Reversed) in Its Early Stages 
 
How It Happens‏

Healthy gums and bone hold teeth firmly in place. Gums attach to teeth just below the edge of the gums. Gum disease affects the attachment between gums and teeth.Gum disease begins with plaque. Plaque is clear and sticky and contains germs (or bacteria). It forms on your teeth every day. It also forms where your teeth and your gums meet. If plaque is not removed every day by brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar (also called calculus).Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and flossing. Tartar can lead to an infection at the point where the gums attach to the teeth (called the "point of attachment"). In these early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis. Your gums may be a bit red and bleed when you brush, but you may not notice anything.

 
Treatment

In its early stages, gum disease is very hard to see. You may not know that you have a problem. But every time you have a check up, your dentist looks for signs of gum disease.
Your dentist may use a dental tool called a "periodontal probe" to measure where your gums attach to your teeth. Healthy gums attach to teeth just below the edge of the gum. If your gums attach to your teeth below this point, it is a sign of gum disease.
X-rays to show how much bone is around your teeth. If you have gum disease, getting rid of plaque and tartar gives your gums a chance to get better. That's why in the early stages of gum disease, the best treatment is cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist to remove built-up tartar, brushing twice a day to remove plaque and flossing once a day to remove plaque.

 
Checking Your Gums‏

Check your gums on a regular basis for these signs of gum disease:

A Change in the Colour of Your Gums
Gums That Are Red Around Your Teeth 
Gums That Bleed Every Time You Brush or Floss 
Bad Breath That Will Not Go Away 
A Taste of Metal in Your Mouth 
Shiny, Puffy or Sore Gums 
Teeth That Are Sensitive for No Reason